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|H. H. Holmes|
Mudgett's mugshot, 1895
|Birth name||Herman Webster Mudgett|
|Also known as||Dr. Henry Howard Holmes|
|Born||May 16, 1861|
Gilmanton, New Hampshire,U.S.
|Died||May 7, 1896 (aged 34)|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Cause of death||Execution by Hanging|
|Conviction||4 counts of murder in the first degree|
6 counts of attempted murder
|Number of victims||4–200 (4 confirmed; 27 confessed)|
|Motive||Life insurance money|
|Date apprehended||November 17, 1894, in Boston,Massachusetts, U.S.|
Herman Webster Mudgett (May 16, 1861 – May 8, 1896), better known under the alias of Dr. Henry Howard Holmes, was one of the first documented American serial killers in the modern sense of the term. In Chicago at the time of the 1893 World's Fair, Holmes opened a hotel which he had designed and built for himself specifically with murder in mind, and which was the location of many of his murders. While he confessed to 27 murders, of which four were confirmed, his actual body count could be as high as 200. He took an unknown number of his victims from the 1893 Chicago World's Fair, which was less than two miles away, to his "World's Fair" hotel.
The case was notorious in its time and received wide publicity through a series of articles in William Randolph Hearst's newspapers. Interest in Holmes' crimes was revived in 2003 by Erik Larson's The Devil in the White City: Murder, Magic, and Madness at the Fair That Changed America, a best-selling non-fiction book that juxtaposed an account of the planning and staging of the World's Fair with Holmes' story. His story had been previously chronicled in The Torture Doctor by David Franke (1975), Depraved: The Shocking True Story of America's First Serial Killer by Harold Schechter (1994), and chapter VI "The Monster of Sixty-Third Street" of Gem of the Prairie: An Informal History of the Chicago Underworld by Herbert Asbury (1940, republished 1986).
Alphonse Gabriel "Al" Capone (January 17, 1899 – January 25, 1947) was an Chicago gangster who led the Chicago Mob. The Chicago Outfit, which subsequently also became known as the "Capones," smuggled liquor, and other illegal activities such as prostitution, in Chicago from the 1920's and 1930's.
Capone became a highly visible public figure. He made donations to various charitable endeavors using the money he made from his activities, and was viewed by many to be a "modern-day Robin Hood". Capone's public reputation was damaged in the wake of his supposed involvement in the 1929 Saint Valentine's Day Massacre, when seven rival gang members were executed.
Capone was convicted on federal charges of tax evasion in 1931 and sentenced to federal prison; he was released on parole in 1939. His incarceration included a term at the then-new Alcatraz federal prison. In the final years of Capone's life, he suffered mental and physical deterioration due to late-stage neurosyphilis, which he had contracted in his youth. On January 25, 1947, he died from cardiac arrest after suffering a stroke.