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Black Hawk War 1832

  1. The Black Hawk War was a brief conflict fought in 1832 between the United States and Native Americans headed by Black Hawk, a Sauk leader. The war erupted soon after Black Hawk and a group of Sauks, Meskwakis, and Kickapoos known as the "British Band" crossed the Mississippi River into the U.S. state of Illinois in April 1832. Black Hawk's motives were ambiguous, but he was apparently hoping to avoid bloodshed while resettling on land that had been ceded to the United States in a disputed 1804 treaty.
  2. American officials, convinced that the British Band was hostile, mobilized a frontier army. With few U.S. Army soldiers in the region, most American troops were part-time, poorly trained militiamen. Hostilities began on May 14, 1832, when the militia opened fire on a delegation from the Native Americans. Black Hawk responded by attacking the militia force, soundly thrashing them at the Battle of Stillman's Run. He led his band to a secure location in what is now southern Wisconsin. As U.S. forces pursued Black Hawk's band, Native Americans conducted raids against forts and settlements. Some Ho-Chunk and Potawatomi warriors with grievances against Americans took part in these raids, although most members of those tribes tried to avoid the conflict. The Menominee and Dakota tribes, already at odds with the Sauks and Meskwakis, supported the Americans.

    Commanded by General Henry Atkinson, the U.S. troops tried to track down the British Band. Militia under Colonel Henry Dodge caught up with the British Band on July 21 and defeated them at the Battle of Wisconsin Heights. Black Hawk's band, weakened by hunger, death, and desertion, retreated towards the Mississippi. On August 2, American soldiers attacked the remnants of the British Band at theBattle of Bad Axe, killing or capturing most of them. Black Hawk and other leaders escaped, but later surrendered and were imprisoned for a year.

    The Black Hawk War is now often remembered as the conflict that gave young Abraham Lincoln his brief military service. Other notable American participants included Winfield Scott, Zachary Taylor, and Jefferson Davis. The war gave impetus to the US policy of Indian removal, in which Native American tribes were pressured to sell their lands and move west of the Mississippi River.

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  4. Craig Hullinger Notes - My Great Great Great Grandfather was a Captain in the Blackhawk War. He was part Native American himself. 
Henlisted at Hennepin, Putnam County, Illinois, to fight in the Black Hawk war. He was a 2nd Lieutenant in Captain William Haws Company. This confrontation with the Sauk (Sac) and Fox Indians, led by Chief Black Hawk, lasted only a few months in the summer of 1832, at Hennepin, Illinois. We find a record of his [William Morgan Hart's] service at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. Included in the file is an application dated 1855 in Mercer County, Missouri, which shows William Morgan Hart applying for the Bounty Land to which he may be entitled under a recent Act of Congress, based on his service in the Black Hawk War. He was issued a Warrant #80817 for 160 acres of land. The records do not show where this land might have been located, and we know nothing more of the disposition of the Warrant or the 160 acres of land. A more complete background of this War in Illinois is found in the section of this book on the Peter and Hannah Poe Hart family.

  1. In 1985 the Village of Tinley Park, Illinois hosted a large Thanksgiving dinner and invited the Pottawattamie Tribe back to Illinois. The tribe had been relocated to Oklahoma. The Tribe had done well in Oklahoma and flew back in the tribal Lear Jet. Several of them had blonde hair and blue eyes.
  2. Black Hawk War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    The Black Hawk War was a brief conflict fought in 1832 between the United States and Native Americans headed by Black Hawk, a Sauk leader. The war ...
  3. Black Hawk War of 1832
    This site provides a history of the Black Hawk War of 1832.
  4. Black Hawk War - Utah History to Go - › Utah Chapters › American Indians
    John A. Peterson Utah History Encyclopedia. The Black Hawk Indian War was the longest and most destructive conflict between pioneer immigrants and Native ...
  5. The Black Hawk War - Wisconsin Historical Society › ... › Territory to Statehood
    30+ items – The Black Hawk War. At St. Louis in 1804, future president ...
    A trader relates his family history and personal adventures, 1745-1857
    The Sauk and Fox shortly before the Black Hawk War
  6. Images for blackhawk war

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  7. Black Hawk War begins — This Day in History — 4/6/1832
    Determined to resist the growing presence of Anglo settlers on traditional tribal lands, the Sauk warrior Black Hawk is drawn into war with the United States.
  8. Illinois Black Hawk War Veterans › ... › Archives › Databases
    That volume contains a comprehensive listing of Illinois' Black Hawk War soldiers. It includes the muster rolls for all of the 1831 and 1832 companies including 2 ...
  9. Black Hawk War - US History
    The role of Black Hawk War in the history of the United States of America.
  10. Black Hawk War | › ... › US History
    Black Hawk War, conflict between the Sac and Fox and the United States in 1832. After the War of 1812, whites settling the Illinois country exerted.
  11. The BLACK HAWK WAR: Utah's Native American Tragedy
    Phillip Gottfredson
    Indian people need to stop being victimized. They need to tell their story and demand that it be told accurately.
  12. What was the Black Hawk War all about? - GeoCities
    In 1832, the Indian/American armed conflict popularly known as the "Black Hawk War" erupted over the essential incompatibility between two cultures and their ...